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室内有害污染物的来源

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发布日期:2017-04-24 11:47:58

 或许咱们天天都在不一样的环境中为了日子奔走,或许咱们常常在不一样的位置上扮演各异的人物,或许咱们走着不一样的人生、领会不一样的风景,尽管有这么多或许那么多的不同,但咱们天天却呼吸着一样的空气。可是从前新鲜洁净的空气不经意间成为了经济和社会发展的牺牲品,而这种危害已经充斥着咱们生活的许多地方。
Maybe we every day in different environments in order to day running, we may often in a different position to play different characters, we may walk a different life, understand the different scenery, although there are so many perhaps in so many ways, but we have every day, breathing the same air. However, the fresh and clean air has become a victim of economic and social development, which has been filled with many places in our lives.
室内装饰
Interior decoration
跟着日子条件的逐步进步,大家对居家环境的质量有了更高的请求,居家装饰已成为一种时髦。但是在装饰的过程中通常会发生一些危害健康的物质,比较具有代表性的是甲醛和氡气。甲醛通常发生于居家的天花板、墙壁贴面运用的塑料、隔热材料及塑料家私中,是一种无色易溶的刺激性气体,当室内含量为 0.1 毫克/立方米时就有异味和不适感;30毫克/立方米时可当即致使死亡。
With the gradual improvement of the conditions of the day, we have a higher quality of the home environment, home decoration has become a fashion. However, in the process of decoration, there are usually some health hazards. Formaldehyde usually occurs in the home of the ceiling and walls with veneer plastics, insulation materials and plastic furniture, is to stimulate a colorless gas soluble, when the indoor content is 0.1 mg / m3 when the sense of smell and discomfort; 30 mg / m3 when immediately resulting in death.
氡气的主要来历是湖畔放射性建筑材料。当室内空气中的氡气浓度低于建筑结构中所含氡气浓度时,建筑物中的氡便向室内空气中扩散出氡气和氡离子体,放射出对人体有害的射线。高剂量的氡气,可使人致肺癌、白血病、皮肤癌及其它一些呼吸道病变。据报道,一些科学家已得出结论,氡气仅次于吸烟,成为致肺癌的第二大因素。
Radon is the main source of radioactive materials. When the concentration of radon in indoor air is lower than the structures contained in the radon concentration in buildings, radon to indoor air radon and radon diffusion of plasma, emit harmful rays. High doses of radon can cause lung cancer, leukemia, skin cancer and other respiratory diseases. According to reports, some scientists have concluded that radon is second only to smoking, becoming the second leading cause of lung cancer.
厨房油烟
Kitchen fumes
厨房是各类美食的诞生地,而中国人“民以食为天”的传统也让厨房环境与大家的健康休戚相关。在厨房煮饭时,焚烧各种燃料会发生很多的气体污染物,如烟尘、二氧化碳、二氧化氮、二氧化硫等,对厨房空气形成较大影响。另外在烹调过程中,高油温所发生的苯并芘等有毒物质会对居室空间空气形成严峻污染,而醛、醇、苯呋喃等有害化合物对人体器官也会形成危害,油烟中的丁二烯还有使细胞发生遗传毒性的效果。
The kitchen is the birthplace of delicacy, and Chinese "hunger breeds discontentment" tradition make the kitchen environment and the health of everyone bound together in a common cause. When cooking in the kitchen, burning a variety of fuels will produce a lot of gas pollutants, such as smoke, carbon dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, a greater impact on the kitchen air. In the process of cooking, the high oil temperature of benzopyrene and other toxic substances will cause severe pollution to the air and room space, aldehyde, alcohol, benzene and other harmful compounds of furan on human organs will be formed in the fumes and harm, butadiene make the cell genetic toxicity effect.
电器
An electric appliance
各种电器的运用在给大家日子带来便利和享用的一起,也会形成相应的污染。在一些国家的查询标明,长时间处在空调室的大家简单患上“空调综合症”,在温、湿度适合的环境中却简单出现呼吸道枯燥、鼻塞、关节酸痛等表现,同时胸闷,憋气,思维不会集,简单疲惫。导致“空调综合症”的原因主要是因为空调等电器设备发生正离子,室内空气经重复过滤后,空气离子浓度发生了改变,负氧离子数目明显削减而正离子过多。大家在低负离子的环境中工作和日子,易形成人体内分泌和自立神经功用紊乱。
The use of a variety of electrical appliances to bring convenience and enjoyment of the day together, will form a corresponding pollution. That in some countries the query, a long time in air-conditioned room all have simple air conditioning, the temperature and humidity in the environment is suitable for simple respiratory dry, stuffy nose, joint pain and other symptoms, and chest tightness, hold your breath, not thinking, simply tired. Cause the air conditioning syndrome "is mainly because of the positive ion air conditioning and other electrical equipment, indoor air by repeated filtration, changed air ion concentration, negative oxygen ion and positive ion number obviously cut down too much. We work in low negative ion environment and days, easy to form a human endocrine and autonomic nervous dysfunction.
近来,复印机所发生的空气污染也导致了大家的注重。日本国立公共健康研究所发布的查询结果标明,在一些经常运用复印机的当地,臭氧浓度足以危害大家健康。臭氧具有很强的氧化效果,其氧化发生的氮氧化物对人的呼吸道具有很强的刺激性。
Recently, the air pollution caused by copying machine has also caused the attention of everyone. Japan's National Institute of public health, the results of the survey shows that in some of the local use of copiers, the concentration of ozone is harmful to people's health. Ozone has a strong oxidation effect, the oxidation of nitrogen oxides on the human breathing props have strong stimulation.
清洁间
Clean room
清洁间内空气污染的首犯是氨气。一方面来自于冬天施工中所运用的防冻剂在夏日的开释,另一方面清洁间比较厚的防水层也会发生一定量的氨气,此外,下水道中也简单聚集氨气。氨气会麻木呼吸道纤毛、危害黏膜上皮组织,使病原微生物易于侵入,还能经过肺泡进入血液,与血红蛋白联系,破坏运氧功用。有些清洁间没有通风窗户,致使一些有毒有害物质无法及时分散,尤其是主卧带主卫的状况最严峻。一起,因为清洁间湿度较大,易繁殖有害菌。
Air pollution is the culprit of ammonia in clean rooms. On the one hand from the winter construction of the use of antifreeze in the summer release, on the other hand, a relatively thick layer of water between the cleaner will occur a certain amount of ammonia, in addition, the sewage is also a simple gathering of ammonia. Ammonia will numb the respiratory tract cilia, harmful to the mucosal epithelial tissue, so that pathogenic microorganisms are easy to invade, but also through the alveoli into the blood, and hemoglobin, the destruction of oxygen transport function. Some clean room without ventilation windows, resulting in a number of toxic and harmful substances can not be dispersed in time, especially the master bedroom with the main guardian of the most severe situation. Together, because the clean room humidity, easy to breed harmful bacteria.
家私及饰品
Furniture and accessories
家私及装饰品是大家家居日子的主要组成部分,但大家在采购家私时通常会集重视其外观的时髦、简便、价格便宜等方面,而忽视了家私中也潜藏着很多健康“杀手”。例如人工板家私在生产过程中需求参加黏合剂进行粘结,家私的外表还要刷涂各种油漆,这些黏合剂和油漆都富含很多挥发性有机物,会严峻污染居室空气,长时间吸入这些有害物质,会对呼吸系统、神经系统形成损害。
Furniture and decorations are the main part of people Home Furnishing days, but everyone in the procurement of furniture usually pay attention to the appearance of fashion, have simple, cheap, and ignore the hidden in a lot of furniture also health "killer". For example, artificial plate furniture in the production process requirements in adhesive bonding, furniture appearance also brush paint, adhesives and paint these are rich in a lot of volatile organic compounds, serious indoor air pollution, long time inhalation of these harmful substances will damage to the respiratory system, nervous system.
地毯是酒店、家庭客厅和卧室喜爱摆放的饰品,本来地毯也会对居室空气形成不良影响。纯羊毛地毯的细毛绒是一种过敏原,可导致皮肤过敏,乃至导致哮喘。化纤地毯则可向空气中开释甲醛、丙稀等物质。而窗布的生产过程中常会参加人工树脂等助剂以及染料、收拾剂,这些助剂当中就富含甲醛。
Carpet is the hotel, the family living room and bedroom favorite placed ornaments, carpet will also have a negative impact on the living room air. Pure wool carpet is a kind of allergen, can cause skin allergies, and even lead to asthma. Chemical fiber carpet can be released into the air of formaldehyde, acrylic and other substances. But often the production process window cloth in artificial resin and other additives and dyes, clean agent, these additives which contains formaldehyde.
除了上述罗列的一些污染源以外,像汽车尾气等有害气体的排放、饲养宠物、较关闭或遭到二手烟影响的场合,以及医院、酒店等公共场合,都简单使空气质量降低,乃至含有某些有害病菌,然后危害大家健康。
In addition to the above listed some sources of pollution, such as automobile exhaust emissions of harmful gases, pets, is closed or by the effects of secondhand smoke situation, as well as hospitals, hotels and other public places, are easy to make the air quality decrease, and even contain some harmful bacteria, then all health hazards.

 

 

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